|» Home » Research » CASA projects|
Simulation of anisotropic turbulence transport
Anisotropic turbulenceTurbulence in engineering problems, in meteorology, or in plasma physics is mostly anisotropic. For instance the buoyancy and Coriolis forces in the ocean surpress motion in vertical direction, making the flow two-dimensional of nature. A typical property of 2D-turbulence is the self organization of the flow, resulting in large eddies (see Figure 1).
Figure 1 - Vorticity plots, showing the self organization of 2D turbulence, for the time t = 1 and t = 50 with Reynolds number Re = 3000 [I].
TransportTracer transport in anisotropic turbulence is characterized by a large scale separation between the size of the turbulent eddies and the filaments of the tracer material. For solving the tracer concentration even a higher resolution is required than for the turbulent flow field. Transport can be studied more efficiently by applying the LDC technique on a problem with a local dye distribution (see Figure 2).
Figure 2 - Tracer transport of an initial local dye distribution in the flow field of Figure 1 for t > 50.
Local Defect Correction (LDC)Local Defect Correction (LDC) is a method that can be used to efficiently solve problems whose solutions exhibit large variations in a small part of the domain. LDC iteratively combines the solution over a global coarse grid and the solution over one or more local fine grids ; the fine grids are located where the high activity occurs (see Figure 3).
The global grid provides artificial boundary conditions for the fine grid interface whereas the (more accurate) local solutions provide an error estimate for the coarse grid discretization: the defect (see Figure 4). The main advantages of LDC are saving CPU time, since the grid is fine only where it needs to be, and preserving a simple data structure.
Figure 4 - Scheme of LDC
LDC: an example of applicationFigure 5 shows the Finite Differences approximation of a 1D Poisson equation, whose exact solution is a tanh function, treated with LDC. LDC considerably improves the initial approximation after a single iteration.
LDC seems to be a promising tool to solve transport problems in anisotropic turbulent flows.
References S.R. Maassen, PhD thesis, TUE, 2000.
 M.J.H. Anthonissen, PhD thesis, TUE, 2001.
|© Centre for Analysis, Scientific Computing and Applications. For questions please refer to the editor.|
|This page modified: Wed Apr 03 16:41:25 CEST 2013|