This site aims at anyone with an interest in the history of the Territorial
Army in particular, and the British Army in general. That brings us to
one of the aims, which is to provide a chronology of the Territorial Army,
and this may be welcome given the various changes of the last decade. However,
it is made without the intention to proclaim that all changes were unnecessary
and without holding to fast on the past. Though its memories are certainly
worth being kept alive.
|Overview of changes 1967 - 2000|
|Command Structure of the Territorial Army 1967 - 2000|
|Infantry of the Line|
|Royal Regiment of Artillery Volunteer Regiments|
|Corps of Royal Engineers Volunteer Regiments|
|Royal Corps of Signals Volunteer Regiments|
|Royal Logistic Corps Volunteer Regiments|
|Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers|
|Royal Army Ordnance Corps (1967 - 1993)|
Another reorganisation occurred when the TAVR III was disbanded
in January 1969. All units reduced to an eight men cadre by March 31 of
the same year. These cadres were to maintain the titles and traditions
of the units lost in this proces. Each cadre was located with a TAVR II
It's worth noting that quite a few new sub-units were formed within TAVR II units from disbanded TAVR III elements.
However, these reductions proved to drastic, and in 1971 many of the cadres were used as nucleus for new-formed units.
Again the Territorial Army, and the 1980's
According to the Shapland Report of 1978, the title Territorial Army and Volunteer Reserve was replaced by the title Territorial Army on 7 August 1979. This title was more familiar to the public, and thus was also intended as aid to recruiting.
Two Defence White Papers were published beginning of the 1980's - 1982 and 1984. The main points can be summed up as follows:
The 1990s, 'Options for Change' and after
However, the Cold War came to an end in the early 1990s, implying the role of the TA as reinforcement to BAOR disappeared. It meant a serious reduction in numbers (to 59.000) and units. More seriously affected however were the regulars. All large regiments lost their third battalions in due course, six regiments amalgamated and the three senior Guards regiments lost their second battalion. The Cavalry reduced from 14 to seven regiments and the Royal Artillery (not listed here....) lost 5 regiments.
In the summer of 1998 a new review of the Territorial Army was announced, called the Strategic Defence Review. It was intended to make the reserve forces more suited for tasks to be encountered in the 21st century, and in that sense what Options for Change did to the regulars, was what the Strategic Defence Review did to the Territorials. Since there is no immediate threat to Britian itself, the role of the TA needed to be redefined. So, the emphasis was shifted from combat to combat support role and the TA was to assist the regular forces in greater extant. For the infantry for example, this meant that the 33 battalions reduced to 15 battalion sizes units, retaining regimental traditions, affiliations and capbadges at company level. In fact, all new units would be organised similarly as The London Regiment was since 1993. The result was another decrease in manpower by 19.000 to 40.000.
|M.A. Bellis, British Regiments 1945 -- 1995, Malcolm A. Bellis, 1997.|
|J.B.M. Frederick, Lineage Book of British Land Forces 1660 -- 1978, 2 Vols, Microform Academic Press, Wakefield, 1984.|
|M.A. Heyman, The Territoiral Army 1999, Vol. 1, R&F Publication, 1999.|
|N.E.H.Litchfield, The Territorial Artillery 1908 - 1988, The Sherwood Press (Nottingham) Ltd, 1992.|
|B. Peedle, Encyclopaedia of the Moders Territorial Army, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, 1990.|
|B.Peedle (editor), Year of the Yeomanry, Army Museums Ogilby Trust, 1994.|
|Colonel W.J. Tovey and Major A.J. Podmore, Once a Howard, Twice a Citizen, H.& F. Stokeld, Middlesbrough, 1995.|
|A.J. Podmore, The Light Infantry Volunteers 1794 -- 1994, Publication The Light Infantry, 1994.|
|A.J. Podmore, Volunteer Artillery and Volunteer Infantry in the County of York, Endcliffe Hall, Sheffield, 1993.|
|G.E.Watson, Terriers and Sappers, Lineages of the Reserve Regiment and Squadrons of The Corps of Royal Engineers 1908 - 1999, The Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia), 1999.|
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||Last update: August 30, 2000|